Animal experimentation is defined as “the use of non-human animals in research and development projects, especially for purposes of determining the safety of substances such as cosmetics and drugs”, thus we find two distinct purposes for animal testing: developing cosmetics and drugs cosmetic animal testing is used to determine the. Americans for medical progress endorses the “3rs”: refinement of tests so animal distress or pain is minimal, reduction of the number of animals used in a study, and the replacement, whenever possible, of animal experiments with non-animal experimentswe actively champion the development, validation, use and regulatory acceptance of alternatives to animal research. Fallacies about animal research (vivisection) by dr charles bell taylor, md fellow royal college of surgeons edinburgh, fellow of the medical society, london, and late president paris medical society note: vivisection = experiments on live animals & humans. In our opinion, a systematic status quo assessment of preclinical animal research seems adequately achievable by systematic reviewing and meta-analysis nevertheless, systematic reviewing and meta-analysis depend on the complete availability of all research performed regarding a particular topic.
The most pervasive problematic aspect of the skeptic article (and, indeed, all arguments of this type advanced by opponents of animal research) is the utopian “impossible dream” fallacy coupled with differential standards, in which they demand standards of accuracy of animal research that are impractical or even unobtainable for nearly any. Our mapping of metazoan morphospace has shown that, even though some animal phyla demonstrate maximal initial disparity, others, notably chordates, arthropods, annelids, and mollusks, have progressively expanded on the limits of phylum and kingdom level morphospace post-cambrian. Animals used for experimentation right now, millions of mice, rats, rabbits, primates, cats, dogs, and other animals are locked inside barren cages in laboratories across the country. “we must either support animal testing, or give up in the war against cancer” appeal to emotion this fallacy attempts to evoke an emotional response to convince the listener, and is extremely common in debates over emotionally charged issues like vivisection, abortion, and capital punishment.
Its four principal kinds are the post hoc fallacy, the fallacy of cum hoc, ergo propter hoc, the regression fallacy, and the fallacy of reversing causation example: my psychic adviser says to expect bad things when mars is aligned with jupiter. Confirmation bias has been shown in animal research as well, but this fallacy is reduced when an experiment is conducted double-blind  van wilgenburg and elgar way to cement these beliefs and reinforce our sense of arguing from analogy in animal research defining an animal model. Slippery slope example: animal experimentation reduces our respect for life if we don't respect life, we are likely to be more and more tolerant of violent acts like war and murder soon our society will become. The premise of #adoptdontshop is built on a fallacy that dog breeders, even reputable ones, animal shelter statistics – sticking to the facts furthermore, this research used the umbrella term “breeder” which did not differentiate between a puppy mill, a backyard breeder, and a reputable one.
Appeal to emotion or argumentum ad passiones is a logical fallacy characterized by the manipulation of the recipient's emotions in order to win an argument, especially in the absence of factual evidence. Example: animal experimentation reduces our respect for life if we don't respect life, we are likely to be if we don't respect life, we are likely to be more and more tolerant of violent acts like war and murder. The recent case of the girl who, it was charged, died of cancer perhaps because her grandmother used the drug des is but another example of the myth and fallacy of animal research.
Animal experimentation: the fallacy of our ethical system essay norman led jennie into the laboratory and had her sit on a metal table near the windows - animal experimentation: the fallacy of our ethical system essay introduction she sat quietly while norman fitted her with a helmet containing electrial monitors and couplings for attaching the helmet to other devices. Drake's list of the most common logical fallacies ad hominem this is a fairly difficult fallacy to understand or spot it is categorical in nature and, essentially, means reversing an argument, or putting the cart before the horse, meaning reversing or confusing the general category with the specific/sub-category our legal system. Laws that mandate replacement alternatives, reduction alternatives, and refinement alternatives (the three rs) in scientific research have been passed in the united kingdom, germany, the netherlands, the united states, and the european union over the past decade.
So the ambiguity fallacy involves using in the argument phrases that have unclear meaning, or can be understood in more than one way example: blind animals are rare. Animal experimentation reduces our respect for life if we don't respect life, we are likely to be more and more tolerant of violent acts like war and murder soon our society will become a battlefield in which everyone constantly fears for their lives it will be the end of civilization. There are also many effective alternatives to animal testing in the case of vivisection for medical and pharmaceutical purposes this is good news, since animals have been proven time and again to be poor models for the study of human injury and disease.
Help the 100 million animals who are tortured and killed in experiments every year by taking a stand now share this infographic with your friends, family, and coworkers on facebook and encourage them to do the same then help end this cruelty once and for all by urging your representative and senators in congress to divert public money from cruel animal experiments into non-animal research. Animal research certainly fails animals, in terms of the distress and suffering caused, and just as importantly, animal research often fails people, too, in terms of the slow, unproductive route to useful treatments. Animal experimentation animal experimentation is the use of non-human animals in experiments millions of animals are used annually in laboratories to test in household products, medicine, make up, food additives, weaponry, and psychological experiments. You cannot avoid speciesism the idea of speciesism is central for the proponents of animal rights according to encyclopaedia brittanica, speciesism is “the practice of treating members of one species as morally more important than members of other species.